HTML5 and CSS3 Boilerplate files
February 28, 2012
Boilerplate is a set of files composed to be used over and over again. In front-end development (any area actually), starting from scratch every time you have a new project is a waste of time and money. How many times have you reset your css or applied the same basic styles to the same html tags?
There are a vast amount of boilerplate files out there. Some are very complex and full of options, other are focused to certain types of projects. You are very well served of options.
On the projects I work on, I prefer to use a something simpler but that covers most of the areas. I created this set based on what I use the most.
This set is not 100% original. Like almost everything web related, it is a combination of several others plus my own insights resulting on what works for me. I use some of Eric Meyers CSS Reset, mixed with some details by HTML Doctor, HTML5 Boilerplate and others. You are welcome to make your additions, updates and customise it to fit your requirements.
Start out creating a basic HTML5 file. Add Modernizr (on header) so we can use new html5 tags on older browsers plus it allow us to detect whether the browser support css3 or not (always useful for graceful degradations).
Do a basic css reset and minify it to make it stand out from your own styles, plus it will save you some bytes. If you are making a Wordpress theme, don’t forget to add your details as comments on top, I recommend adding those details anyway. Add conditional comments to place your IE8- styles. If you are going responsive (and you should!) place stylesheets according to the devices/screens you are going to support. Plus the print stylesheet.
Favicon and iPad/iPhone icons also should be provided (on top of HTML doc). You can also add your own meta information. Not only good for SEO, it works as a signature of your project. Speaking of meta, add viewport and set it for mobile devices if you’re going responsive.
This is how I basically created my boilerplate, you can download it here and see it in action. It has folder structure to help organize the files and speed up maintenance.
Bear in mind this is always work in progress, so make sure to come back and check the upcoming updates.
I’m a Brazilian front-end developer living in London. This website features some of my latest projects and my thoughts on anything web related.
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